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Birchwood Junior School

Take Off and Fly!

Birchwood Junior School



Geography Subject Leader: Miss J Toyne

At Birchwood Junior School, we aim to give our children a humanities curriculum, which enables them to become confident, creative and independent learners who can explore the use of different knowledge and skills throughout their learning. We seek to broaden children’s real-life experiences both inside and outside of school through educational visits, visitors, experimentation, exploration and discovery. Within lessons, our children acquire a range of knowledge and skills in both history and geography, which they can then apply to other subjects and in a variety of situations. Furthermore, it is our aim that through historical and geographical learning, children will become accountable citizens, understanding their role in protecting our world and environment and knowing how they can cause positive change and development as they grow.


Across the course of a year, each year group studies a variety of humanities topics. These are either history or geography focused to allow our learning to focus on core subject specific knowledge and skills. Links across and between subjects give children a broad base of knowledge, facts, vocabulary, real-life experience and contexts to use for learning. Both history and geography have identified key themes, which support children to make connections and links across the topics covered.


At Birchwood Junior School, we offer children a high quality geography curriculum, giving them a sense of place – both where they live and in the wider world. Our aims are to fulfil the requirements of the National Curriculum for Geography; providing a broad, balanced and differentiated curriculum; ensuring the progressive development of geographical concepts, knowledge and skills; and for the children to develop a love for geography. Furthermore, we aim to inspire in pupils a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives. They learn about what our local area has to offer and compare, and contrast that to places in the rest of the UK, Europe and beyond. Our geography curriculum reflects the diversity of our school, ensuring our children learn about a variety of places, people, resources and natural and human environments. They also develop a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes. As pupils progress, their growing knowledge about the world should help them to deepen their understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes, and of the formation and use of landscapes and environments. Wherever possible, our geography curriculum is enhanced by trips and visitors, as these bring the curriculum alive to our children and create lifelong memorable experiences. All pupils will be encouraged to ask questions, think critically and develop their own sense of perspective of the world. By deepening our children’s knowledge of geography, we will help them to understand how the world has grown and changed over time, the diversity of people’s lives and the possibility for us to live sustainability for the future.


Geography is delivered both discretely and through     cross-curricular links. For example, children read and interpret graphs in Maths. They are given opportunities to use grid references, develop map and navigational skills during orienteering in Physical Education. In History lessons, children chart the conflict of World War II in Europe, identifying the countries of the allies and axis powers, and where they are located on a world map. They research geographical regions, identifying human and physical characteristics, and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects changed during the wartime.



As the children move through the school, they follow the age-related expectations set out in the National Curriculum document. Display work stimulates learning and introduces children to key geographical vocabulary.


The aims of teaching geography in our school are:

• To inspire pupils’ curiosity to discover more about the world

• To enable children to know about the location of the world’s continents, countries, cities, seas and oceans.

• To develop in children the skills of interpreting a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems (GIS).

• To help children understand how the human and physical features of a place shapes it location and can change over time.

In Our Federation

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  • The Lancaster

    01522 685078
    82 Jasmin Road,
    Lincoln, LN6 0QQ
    View School Website
  • Woodlands Infant
    and Nursery School

    01522 683557
    Whitethorn Grove, Birchwood,
    Lincoln, LN6 0PF
    View School Website
  • Forest Skies

    01522 800971
    Larchwood Crescent,
    Lincoln, LN6 0NL
    View Federation Website


Birchwood Junior School

01522 800971
Birchwood Junior School,
Larchwood Crescent, Lincoln, LN6 0NL